Pasar al contenido principal

Carrier screening in the Mexican Jewish community using a pan-ethnic expanded carrier screening NGS panel

Autor/es Anáhuac
Dan Morgenstern-Kaplan, Jaime Raijman-Policar, Sore Majzner-Aronovich, Mónica Aguinaga, Edna Elisa García-Vences
Año de publicación
Journal o Editorial
Genetics in Medicine

Purpose: The Mexican Jewish community (MJC) is a previously uncharacterized, genetically isolated group composed of Ashkenazi and Sephardi-Mizrahi Jews who migrated in the early 1900s. We aimed to determine the heterozygote frequency of disease-causing variants in 302 genes in this population. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of the MJC involving individuals representing Ashkenazi Jews, Sephardi-Mizrahi Jews, or mixed-ancestry Jews. We offered saliva-based preconception pan-ethnic expanded carrier screening, which examined 302 genes. We analyzed heterozygote frequencies of pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants and compared them with those in the Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD). Results: We recruited 208 participants. The carrier screening results showed that 72.1% were heterozygous for at least 1 severe disease-causing variant in 1 of the genes analyzed. The most common genes with severe disease-causing variants were CFTR (16.8% of participants), MEFV (11.5%), WNT10A (6.7%), and GBA (6.7%). The allele frequencies were compared with those in the gnomAD; 85% of variant frequencies were statistically different from those found in gnomAD (P <.05). Finally, 6% of couples were at risk of having a child with a severe disorder. Conclusion: The heterozygote frequency of at least 1 severe disease-causing variant in the MJC was 72.1%. The use of carrier screening in the MJC and other understudied populations could help parents make more informed decisions.